Capoeira is a Brazilian martial art. It was originally developed by African slaves to defend themselves against their colonial masters and differs from other martial arts due to its aesthetic movements and lack of strict forms. Considered by slaves transported to Brazil as a "Road to Freedom", capoeira is not only considered as a sport but also a martial art or style of dance. It is performed in 48 countries, especially in Brazil. In capoeira, 2 dancers enter into a roda, a circle or half circle formed by capoeiristas, and play the game according to the style required by the musical instruments’ rhythm.
Berimbau is a single-string bow and gourd percussion instrument from Brazil. It is divided into three categories: Gunga, Mediu and Viole.
Atabaque is wide drum used in capoeira rodas. The skin is made from cow hide, and tightened through a system of metal rings, ropes and wooden wedges.
Caxixi is a part of the Berimbau and is played along with it.
Agogô stands for "bell" in the Gege-Nagô religious sect. It was developed by Africans. Agogô which is used in religious ceremonies and celebrations gradually began to be used in capoeira by Afro-Brazilians.
Pandeiro is commonly used during marriage ceremonies and other religious festivals. Similar to Atabaque, Pandeiro began to be used by the Portuguese living in Brazil and became a part of capoeira shortly after.
Reco-Reco is almost a recent addition to capoeira as Agogô. It is made from a single section of bamboo or sugar cane.