Karate is a sport which helps children express their creative skills; promote their mental and physical development; develop skills to keep their aggressive urges under control and helps them socialize. It is known that karate is a martial art developed on Okinawa, an island off the coast of Japan. We can learn more about the early history of karate from a book titled Bubishi. Bubishi is an account of military arts and science written in Chinese and it was in wide use until early 20th century. A karate practitioner is called a karateka and karatekas traditionally wear karategi. Karate training is commonly divided into kihon (basics or fundamentals), kata (forms), and kumite (sparring). Kihon is the study of the fundamental techniques in karate. Kata is a formalized sequence of various techniques according to a certain order. These exercises keep karate alive by being handed over from one generation to the next. Kumite is a sparring event and performed during training. Spreading rapidly across North America and Europe from the late 1950s, karate's organization in the form of international associations or federations gathered speed during the first half of 1960s. The introduction of karate in Turkey began after the establishment of the International Traditional Karate Federation (ITKF) and the organization of regional and world karate championships. With the establishment of the Turkish Amateur Karate Organization by Hakkı Koşar in 1970s, karate entered a period of separation from judo. The Turkish Judo Federation was reorganized as the Turkish Judo and Karate Federation in 1980 and in 1990, karate became a separate discipline with the establishment of the Turkish Karate Federation in 1990. The JKA-Shotokan school (Nakayama style) has played a dominant role in Turkish karate from the very early days of the introduction of the sport in the country. This has led to the popularization and organization of karate as a "competitive sport" rather than a "traditional martial art". Almost 95 percent of all karate activities of the Turkish Karate Federation are conducted in Shotokan style.