Wrestling is one of the oldest sports known in the world. We know from historical documents that wrestling matches were organized in Ancient Greece in 708 B.C., Central Asia in the 2nd century B.C., Sumeria in 260 B.C. and Ancient Egypt in 2000, 2470 and 2320 B.C. Wrestling has been especially popular among the Turks, Arabs and Greeks throughout history. The rules of wrestling go as far back as the 900s B.C. It became an Olympic sport during the 18th Ancient Olympic Games in 704 B.C. Greco-Roman wrestling became an Olympic event at the first modern Olympic Games in Athens in 1896 and free-style wrestling became an Olympic event at theSt. Louis Olympic Games in 1904. FILA (Fédération Internationale des Luttes Associées [The International Federation of Associated Wrestling Styles]) was founded in 1912. Wrestling has been very popular among Turkic peoples throughout history due to the fact that it is a discipline which is compatible with their character and requires courage, strength, virility, honesty, agility and adroitness. There are the two Olympic wrestling styles: Greco-Roman and freestyle. Greco-Roman wrestling forbids holds below the waist. A Greco-Roman wrestler cannot use trips to take an opponent to the ground or avoid throws by hooking or grabbing their opponent's leg. Greco-Roman style is popular across European countries. The first Turkish wrestlers to practice the Greco-Roman style were: Koca Yusuf, Kara Ahmet, Hergeleci İbrahim, Filiz Nurullah, Kurtdereli Mehmet, Adalı Halil, Mandıralı Ahmet and Kara Osman. Beşiktaş Gymnastics Club (BJK) became the first club in Turkey in which this style was first practiced in 1903. On the other hand freestyle wrestling allows the use of the wrestler's own ,or his opponent's, legs in offense and defense. This style of wrestling is more popular in Turkey since it is similar to the traditional wrestling style prevalent in the country. Wrestling is a discipline which requires not only technique but also tactics and coordination. It helps the athlete maintain his or her strength.